What is Hands-Only CPR?

Hands-Only CPRHands-only CPR is CPR without rescue breaths. Instead of performing CPR with a combination of chest compression’s and rescue breaths, you perform chest compression’s only.

Conventional CPR – CPR with chest compression’s and rescue breaths.

Hands-Only CPR – CPR with chest compression’s only.

Why would we perform Hands-Only CPR? Aren’t rescue breaths important?
Conventional CPR with rescue breaths is still recommended. However, there are many instances where a person needs CPR and bystanders are unwilling to put their mouth on the other person’s mouth. Maybe the victim looks sick or is foaming at the mouth. Maybe you just don’t want to lock lips with a stranger.

Whatever the reason is, it is better to do something than do nothing. That is why we perform Hands-Only CPR. Experts have determined that chest compression’s alone can increase the likelihood of survival. It’s also easier to learn and it’s easier for an untrained bystander to perform.

We are not saying that Hands-Only CPR is better than conventional CPR. Conventional CPR is still recommended and is a better solution. However, if you suddenly see a victim collapse in a public place, AT LEAST perform Hands-Only CPR. Doing so will increase the likelihood of the victim’s survival.
Chest Compressions
How to perform Hands-Only CPR on a child (1 year+) or adult.Call 9-1-1 or direct someone to call 9-1-1.

  1. Check for responsiveness. Only perform CPR on an unresponsive victim.
  2. Expose the chest.
  3. Perform chest compression’s
    1. Place the heel of your hand on the center of the chest, midway between the nipples. Place the other hand over the hand touching the chest and interlock the fingers.
    2. Place your shoulders directly over the chest with the arms straight.
    3. Pump the chest continuously.
      1. Adult: 2 inch to 2.4 inch compressions
      2. Child: about 2 inch compressions
    4. Allow the chest to fully recoil, don’t lean on the chest. IT IS IMPORTANT TO FOCUS ON HIGH QUALITY COMPRESSION’S.
  4. Continue until help arrives.

Note: Conventional CPR is still recommended for infants.

If you are trained in conventional CPR and are willing to do rescue breaths, perform conventional CPR with rescue breaths. If not, perform Hands-Only CPR.

To learn more about conventional CPR and Hands-Only CPR, take our FREE CPR Course and learn the life-saving skills from your home. Certification options are available after you complete the course lessons.

How to Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

AED on the wall of officeAn automated external defibrillator or AED is a device that is used on a unconscious victim during cardiac arrest to help restart the victim’s heartbeat. When hooked up to a victim, the device analyzes the rhythm of the heart and will deliver an electric shock if necessary.

AED’s are portable devices that can be found in public places such as malls, airports, schools, office buildings, hotels, etc. You should always be aware of the location of the nearest AED. It might save someone’s life.

During cardiac arrest or the loss of heart function, a person can only survive for a couple minutes. When the heart is not beating, blood can’t flow to the brain and/or other vital organs. Cardiac arrest can occur for a number of reasons like arrhythmia (abnormality in the heart rhythm) or heart disease. The AED uses an electric shock to start the heart beating again and is meant to be used during CPR. In most cases, the electric shock should immediately be followed by CPR chest compressions.

AED’s can be used on adults, children, and infants. The placement of the pads is different depending on the age of the victim and the pads will have a diagram letting you know where to put the pads. Age groups are defined as:

  • Infant – Birth to one year old. One pad is placed on the chest and the other on the back with the heart between them.
  • Child – One year old until the age of 8. Pads go on the upper right chest area and lower left side with the heart directly between them.
  • Adult – Older than 8. Pads go on the upper right chest area and lower left side with the heart directly between them.


When to use an AED

AED’s should be used right away when there is an emergency. The quicker you get the defibrillator hooked up to the victim, the higher chance he/she has for survival. While one person is performing CPR, another person should locate the AED. Remember to always call emergency response first.


The first thing you should always do during an emergency is assess the situation and call emergency response. This is 9-1-1 in most places. Once an AED is brough to the scene, it should be used right away.

  • Place the AED by the victim’s shoulder,
  • Position the victim away from contact with metal or water. Make sure the scene is safe; no toxic or flammable fumes, keep the victim away from water (this may come into play if the victim is pulled from a pool or pond, etc.
  • If the victim is wet, dry the chest area.
  • Turn on the AED by pressing the power button (this is usually colored green)

Once the AED is on, the device will instruct you through the process with words. The video below will show the AED process on an adult.

Please not that different brands use different instructions but the general procedure is the same.


The use of an AED as well as the entire CPR process is covered in the FREE CPR/BLS Course offered by American BLS. Create an account and take the free course today and learn how to react during an emergency and save the lives of those around you.

CPR Certification for Teachers

The obligations of teachers are endless. Not only do they have the responsibility of instructing and guiding today’s youth, but they also have the responsibility of keeping them safe in the classroom. Emergencies can happen at any time. That’s why it’s important to always be prepared and be ready to act. Many organizations and municipalities require CPR certification for teachers to guarantee the safety of the students and maintain a safe learning environment. American BLS+ offers online training courses to satisfy your certification requirements while learning important life saving skills.

CPR Certification for Teachers OnlinePotential emergencies that might occur in the classroom include:

  • Choking
  • Injuries
  • Allergy Attack
  • Bleeding
  • Broken Bones
  • Concussion
  • And any more.

American BLS+ recommends that all teachers and school employees take the CPR Course and the First Aid Course. Both courses can be taken online. Teachers should always be prepared for the worst and trained to act quickly. By taking a course, teachers are learning the important skills and gaining the peace of mind that they are prepared to handle an emergency and help save lives.

The CPR/BLS course covers Hands-only CPR and rescue breaths, the use of an AED, and how to react quickly to keep the victim alive. The First Aid Course covers general injuries and helps prevent further injury or harm. Both courses are designed to keep the victim safe until until professional medical help arrives.

Need an official CPR certification for your job?

Some states such as Indiana and Virginia require all teachers to be certified in CPR. New bills are being introduced nationwide to make CPR certification for teachers mandatory. For this reason, American BLS+ offers online CPR/BLS certification and online First Aid Certification for teachers along with it’s free courses.

Certification with American BLS+ is easy. After you have finished the Free courses and passed the assessment exams, you are eligible for  certification. CPR Certification for teachers costs $17.00 with the promo code TEACH7 and is valid for 2 years. Certification comes with a wallet card signed by the instructor and mailed within one business day, a paper printout, and a custom URL with your certification information.

Discounts are given to teachers who wish to get certified through American BLS. Just use the promo code: TEACH7 to get a $2.95 discount on CPR certification or First Aid Certification. CPR certification for teachers is very important and should be considered even if it is not mandatory in your district. American BLS+ online certification options make it easy to get your certification and learn the necessary life-saving skills.


Get Your CPR Certification Online

Whether in the workplace or at home, there is always a chance of an emergency when there are people around. There’s no way to predict when someone might collapse from cardiac arrest, stop breathing, or lose consciousness. That’s why everyone should always be prepared to handle an emergency and should make it a point to learn CPR as soon as possible. American BLS offers a Free CPR course as well as options to get your CPR certification online to show your employer that you have correctly mastered the CPR skills necessary to save lives and keep the workplace safe.

cpr-certification-onlineStatistics show that CPR performed by bystanders can double or triple an victim’s chance of survival. However, only 46% of victim’s actually receive CPR during cardiac arrest. This means that less than half of people who are unconscious or not breathing get help from those around them. Most of the time bystanders fail to help because they are unsure of what to do or are scared that they might do something wrong. Many times it is a co-worker or family member who is the victim.

Whether or not you are required to have a CPR certification for your job, it is extremely important that you learn hands-only CPR in the case of an emergency in the workplace or at home. It is important to learn the skills necessary to start someone’s heart beating again and potentially save them from death. Being trained in CPR can mean the difference between someone living and someone dying during an emergency. This is extremely important in the workplace or in any situation where there are a lot of people.

Getting your CPR certification online shows your commitment to learning CPR skills by passing an assessment quiz after you have taken the Free CPR Course and ordering your official certification documents. Some businesses require all their employees to be trained and certified in CPR. This is more common when the employees work with people in potentially dangerous situations like lifeguards, teachers, security officers or healthcare providers. American BLS offers CPR certification online through the website. You can get certified in CPR by  taking the Free CPR/BLS Course, passing the assessment exam, and then ordering your official certification documents. Online CPR certification costs $18.95. However, the CPR course and exam are always free at American BLS.

Everyone reading this  should take the FREE CPR Course offered by American BLS. The course is taken online and should take about 1-2 hours to complete. The course covers CPR techniques for Adults, Infants and Children and also covers the use of an AED. After you take the course you have the choice of getting your CPR certification online. Certification lasts 2 years and comes with an official wallet card, signed by the instructor and mailed directly to you.

Get started right away by filling out the form on this page and selecting “CPR/BLS Course”. After you pass the course and test, you are eligible to receive your CPR certification online.



CPR Guideline Updates 2015

The new Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and emergency care guideline updates for 2015 have been released. The new guidelines emphasis the importance of bystander intervention and adjust some previously defined instructions for chest compressions and rescue breaths. Since 2010, studies have shown that most errors during CPR are a result of incorrect compression rate and depth. Both of these errors may reduce survival rates and the updated 2015 guidelines seek to adjust these inconsistencies while strongly encouraging bystander involvement.

CPR Guidelines 2015As before, the new guidelines emphasize chest compressions. Chest compressions are vital to keep blood flowing through the body and to the brain and are considered more important than rescue breaths since the blood already has oxygen in it. Chest compressions will continue to deliver oxygen to the right places and could save a life. Even someone who has never been trained in CPR at all should immediately start compressions on a victim after calling emergency response (9-1-1).

The new guidelines also emphasize swift action from bystanders and even go so far as to recommend the use of social media to potentially alert nearby trained personnel to help with CPR. Taking action is essential in saving lives. A victims chance for survival decreases by 10% for every minute that Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and/or defibrillation does not occur. Quick reaction from bystanders along with proper training and coordinated efforts can greatly increase the chance for survival from cardiac arrest. It’s estimated that more than 325,000 people experience cardiac arrest each year, and about 90 percent of them die when it occurs out of a hospital.

These updated guidelines hope to bridge that gap and save more lives through quicker acting bystanders and easier, more efficient CPR procedures.

Key updates:

Use of Social Media

Given the low risk of harm and the potential benefit of such notifications, it may be reasonable for communities to incorporate, where available, social media technologies that summon rescuers who are willing and able to perform CPR and are in close proximity to a suspected victim of OHCA. (Class IIb, LOE B-R)
Communities are encouraged to incorporate social media technologies that can quickly summon rescuers who are close to a victim and are willing and able to perform CPR. Using social media outlets such as facebook, twitter, or even phone apps might alert a trained rescuer who is in close proximity of a victim. The social media technology might alert a rescuer who might not have known about the emergency situation otherwise.

Chest Compressions

In adult victims of cardiac arrest, it is reasonable for rescuers to perform chest compressions at a rate of 100/min to 120/min. (Class IIa, LOE C-LD)
Change: In adult victims, it is now recommended for rescuers to perform chest compressions at a rate of 100/min to 120/min.
The old (2015) guidelines called for rescuers to perform chest compressions at a rate of 100 compressions per minute.

Depth of Chest Compressions

Change: In adults, during manual CPR, rescuers should perform chest compressions at a depth of at least 2 inches while avoiding chest compression depths greater than 2.4 inches. Rescuers should also avoid being too shallow with compressions.
The old (2015) guidelines called for rescuers to perform chest compressions at a depth of at least 2 inches without specifying the maximum depth.
The reason for this change is that there is that you might potentially harm the victim if you compress the chest too far. The updated guidelines take that into consideration.

Trained responders should perform steps simultaneously to reduce time to the first chest compression. While the guidelines encourage use of hands-only CPR (CPR without rescue breaths) for untrained responders, they continue to recommend that trained lay responders conduct CPR with breaths.

Remember to always call 9-1-1 first.

Future Updates

Moving forward, authorities will no longer issue updates on a 5 year cycle. Updates will be issued as they are discovered so it’s important to stay informed and constantly renew and review your training.

These CPR updates 2015 updated guidelines are set in place to help save lives. Being prepared and acting quickly is very important during an emergency. We recommend taking the FREE CPR Course offered by American BLS. You will learn the proper way to perform CPR and can learn the skills necessary to save lives.

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CPR & First Aid Training for Security Guards

Safety should be the number one priority when dealing with the public. Whether you work in a home, business, or public location, all security guards should be trained in CPR and First Aid to act if there is an emergency with someone under their supervision. American BLS offers free CPR training for security guards to make sure that you know how to act in the event of an emergency. Some of the situations where first aid or CPR training would be needed are: (more…)